Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

Carl Panzram: Too Evil to Live, Part II


This article was written using official prison records, court transcripts, police department records, various newspaper accounts, the written confession of Carl Panzram as published in Killer: A Journal of Murder by Thomas E. Gaddis and James O. Long, as well as the following sources:

Anzenberger, Joanne P.O., Stamford Police Department, Conn., who provided police records and original research into Panzram's crimes in the State of Connecticut.

"Charge O'Leary With Attempt to Break City Jail", Nyack Evening Journal, July 6, 1923.

Champion, Dean J. (2001) Corrections In the United States. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Christianson, Scott (1998) With Liberty for Some: 500 Years of Imprisonment in America. York, Pa: Maple Press Company

Colsey, Alan. Chief of Police of South Nyack/Grandview Police Department, N.Y., research assistance.

"Convict Claims $500 Reward By Giving Up Self", The Standard Star, August 28, 1923.

Delawyer, Mark, author, researcher, historian, Syracuse, N.Y., who generously provided his own research material on the life and crimes of Carl Panzram.

"Escaped Convict Arrested Monday at Railroad Station", Larchmont Times, August 30, 1923

Federal Bureau of Prisons, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.,

Nevin, John E. "Ex-Convict Gloats Telling of Boys Fiendish Murders", October 27, 1928, Washington Post.

"Federal Jury Votes Hanging in Kansas", New York Times, April 17, 1930

Flood, Allen and Mullen, Robert (1949) City Island

Frasier, David (1970). Murder Cases of the 20th Century. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Company

Friedman, Lawrence M. Crime and Punishment in American History. New York City, NY: Basic Books Inc.

Gaddis, Thomas E. and Long, James O. (1970) Killer: A Journal of Murder. New York City, NY: MacMillan Company.

Gaddis, Thomas E. "He Lived and Died for Hate". Coronet Magazine (1955).

Menninger, Karl A. (1938) Man Against Himself. New York City: Harvest/HBJ Publishers.

"John O'Leary of Nevada Comes Here With Gun". The Daily Advocate. Stamford, Conn., October 27, 1920.

Montana Historical Society, Helena, Mont..

Nash, Jay Robert (1972) Bloodletters and Badmen. New York City: M. Evans and Company.

New York State Archives, Albany, N.Y.

Nielsen, Steve, Reference Associate. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minn.

Northrup, Jan. Larchmont Historical Society, Larchmont, N.Y.

Nyack Village Library, Nyack, N.Y.

Nye, Thomas. City Island Museum, 120 Fordham Street, City Island, N.Y.

Oregon Department of Corrections, Salem, Ore.

Oregon State Archives, Salem, Ore.

"Owner of Boat Held as Thief". Yonkers Herald, July 30, 1923.

"Panzram Goes to Gallows Cursing Race, Including Himself", September 7, 1930, The Sunday Star.

Prosniewski, Conrad, Det. Sgt. Public Information Officer, Salem Police Department, Salem, Mass.

"Richard Grube of Portchester Foils Robbery at Larchmont". Portchester Daily Item, August 28, 1923.

Swallow, Richard. "The Strange Story of the World's Worst Murderer", published in the Daily Capital, January 1933.

Westchester County Archives, Elmsford, N.Y. Yonkers Statesman, July 1923.

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